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Hartwig Mayer

Censorship of Harmful Data in Blockchains

Public blockchains allow insertion of arbitrary data. Even specific-purpose blockchains like Bitcoin already contain a lot of non-financial data. Although this data insertion can be beneficial in some use cases (e.g. proof of existence), it can also cause damage. If a blockchain contained videos with instructions on how to torture someone, there would immediately be broad consensus that this data must be deleted. But since blockchains are supposed to be immutable databases, the question is: what can be done if this happens?

Immutability: Is There a Limit?

Any information stored in a blockchain is supposed to be preserved forever, nobody will be able to change it or even less erase it. But is this really true? Is there any chance that governments or private groups with enough money to finance costly attacks might delete information from a blockchain?

Publishing Text and Images in Bitcoin

Blockchains are already used to store non-financial data for diverse purposes, e.g. to prove authorship of ideas or to prove the existence of a document. One of the largest files stored successfully into the Bitcoin blockchain is an image of Nelson Mandela.

Some Insights into Cardano ´s Blockchain

In this blog post, we present a high-level overview of the paper describing the Ouroboros Proof of Stake protocol implemented in Cardano´s blockchain. After the overview follow some comments about theoretical aspects of the protocol.
In general, Proof of Stake (PoS) consensus protocols elect the network nodes responsible to send the next block to the blockchain on the basis of the nodes’ amount of stake.

Comparison of PoS projects: Unbiased Leader Election

Prior to the Bitcoin blockchain of “Satoshi Nakamoto”, distributed ledger systems were lacking two important properties which are essential for a decentralized digital cash system. The first property which existing distributed ledger systems were missing, was the ability to scale to a network of millions of users. And secondly, systems at the time were not permissionless

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